What is endometriosis symptoms and treatment
The growth of tissue lining the uterus, is a dangerous phenomenon. The disease is called endometriosis, the symptoms and treatment which is known to every gynecologist. This is a fairly common ailment. They suffer up to 40% of women aged 20 to 50 years.
Ideally, the endometrium, ie, endometrium, lining it with a thin layer. At the onset of menstruation is rejected and he comes out along with blood. If there is pathology of the endometrium may spread outside of the uterus in any of the organs nearby. The nature of the disease gynecologists associated with the hormonal state of the organism. In rare cases, the disease appears in adolescence and during menopause. The bulk of the cases of female patients of reproductive age.
The characteristics of the disease and its varieties
A large part of the cases of endometriosis are detected accidentally, during a routine inspection at the gynecologist. The disease is divided into 2 types:
- genital stationed only in the genitals;
- extragenital spread out in all the other organs.
The disease can affect lungs, kidneys, intestines, bladder, and even eyes. When endometriosis is widespread within the genitals, it is:
- In the cervix.
- On the walls of the vagina.
- On the pipes.
- In the ovaries.
The endometrium is dependent on hormones produced by the ovaries. At the end of cycle endometrial lesions break and bleed.
The tissue located around inflamed. Over time formed cysts and scars.
Gynecologists klassificeret endometriosis, and its characteristic manifestations:
- Peritoneal (affects the abdominal cavity).
- Extraperitoneal (vulva).
The form of the disease may be difficult when the processes of destruction are intense, or mild (noobshire organ failure).
The symptoms of the disease
Signs of endometriosis, aching or severe pain in the abdomen. Often they “crawl” towards the back. But there are cases when the disease, even in severe form, manifests itself not discomfort. Often the pains are drawing in character. Is more intensively manifested the disease before menstruation.
In severe forms of endometriosis severe pain brought give before fainting. If the pain occur during sexual intercourse, the focus is in the uterus. When a woman feels discomfort during defecation, the endometrium has grown into the intestine. Menstruation profuse, lasting more than a week, irregular. Patients diagnosed with “endometriosis”, there are huge problems with the ability to get pregnant. Prevent: inflammation, disturbances of menstruation and ovulation, hormonal abnormalities caused by the disease. In medical practice there are cases when a woman cannot get pregnant with this diagnosis. But gynecologists have concluded an increased risk of miscarriage. To keep the baby, you need to constantly be monitored by doctors.
The main symptoms of endometriosis:
- Long krivomazova after menstruation.
- Dark brown vaginal discharge.
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
- Discomfort in the lower back.
- Allergic manifestations.
- A weak immune system.
- Nausea and vomiting during menstruation.
The pain occurs at the moment of contact of the lesion of endometriosis with other bodies: intestine, bladder.
The causes of the disease and its diagnosis
No doctor reliably not be called the cause of endometriosis. But there are factors that affect the emergence and development of this disease. The first of them is retrograde menstruation.
This promotion no blood in the vagina from the uterus and through the tubes into the abdominal cavity. Contribute to the ingress of blood into the fallopian tubes and sexual intercourse during menstruation.
To endometriosis cause abortion, cesarean section, use of intrauterine devices. Important factors for physicians include the hereditary predisposition of women to endometriosis, hormonal disturbances. Optimal level of sex hormones in the female body to support the ovaries. Dysfunction can occur if disrupted normal communication between the hypothalamus, pituitary gland and ovaries.
To endometriosis cause of congenital features of a structure of tubes, disorders of the immune system women. But the main reason, according to scientists, lies in genetics. Knowing about the predisposition to endometriosis, the women need only to follow some simple rules to prevent the disease began to develop.
To diagnose the disease helps a routine inspection at the gynecologist. It must be conducted every six months to eliminate the danger of any diseases of female genital sphere.
For suspected endometriosis should do an ultrasound. Practice the following research methods:
- Hysterosalpingography – an x-ray examination of the pelvic organs, filled with a special liquid.
- Laparoscopy – inspection using special apparatus through an incision in the abdominal wall.
The diagnosis is made only after an extensive survey that includes a gynecological examination, a survey on the subject of the previously migrated diseases of the sexual sphere, surgery.
Treatment of the disease
Methods of treatment are chosen individually. They depend on the severity of illness, age, pregnancy, inflammatory processes of infectious nature.
Medical treatment of endometriosis priority. In special cases, do the operation, during which removes the endometriotic lesions. In severe cases, use of the radical method – removal of the uterus, and ovaries. If the symptoms expressed implicitly, in the course of treatment periodically assign additional diagnostic procedures.
Treatment of endometriosis the uterus is reduced to the following methods:
- Hormonal therapy.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Pain medicine.
- Traditional methods of treatment.
How to treat endometriosis, in each case, tell the doctor. Hormonal means of the most effective oral contraceptives based on progestogen. Proven and estrogen-progestin means. They are designed to stop excess growth of cells. Apply with endometriosis of the uterus hormone treatment takes a long time. It should be continuous supervision by a gynecologist. From oral contraceptives, many women are undesirable effects: weight gain or heavy loss, headaches, periodic nausea.
Now there is a new class of drugs that do not give a large number of side effects and is quite well tolerated by women. The developments of scientists are medicines-immunomodulators, which are purposefully will act on the endometriosis of the cervix, treatment of which will not have side effects. But these drugs are not yet available, as are the necessary tests. We already know that with the help of new-generation drug to cope with infertility that is a result of endometriosis.
The question of what to treat endometriosis, to help surgery. These methods are divided into 2 types:
Whether such treatment in this disease and is there a cure for endometriosis of the uterus in such a way, solve the doctor. Its conclusions will be based on the duration and outcome of therapy, which was carried out previously. In the early stages of endometriosis no competent expert will not send a woman into surgery.
If treated endometriosis? This question doctors hear from women with this diagnosis. The answer is: you need patience for long. No one person does not guarantee full get rid of the disease. Treatment of endometriosis is unique. It is assigned according to the individual characteristics of the organism of the patient. Not only drug therapy, but physical therapy in endometriosis.
Since the causes of the disease none of the doctors reliably can not say anything, women with a genetic predisposition to endometriose are at risk. It is desirable constantly to carry out preventive maintenance and frequent checkups by a gynecologist.
Folk methods that have proven themselves in the treatment of endometriosis
These tools will not give immediate effect. They are deliberately, but gently.
Treat at home:
- Different types of clay.
To prepare decoctions and infusions are desirable on their own. Herb sold at the pharmacy, but if you have the desire, and the area in which the patient resides, environmentally safe, can plants to collect yourself.
At home prepare the following tools:
- A spoonful of the root of the coil, and Potentilla calamus, nettle leaves, herbs shepherd’s purse and knotweed. Mix the herbs with the crushed roots. Take 2-3 tablespoons of mixture and pour 500 ml of boiling water. Boil for 7 minutes. Aside from the fire, holding a pot in which broth is wrapped. Cool and take 100 ml three times a day before meals. To continue treatment a month after a break for 2 weeks.
- To get rid of endometriosis, you can use nettle leaves. Made from the broth, infused and drink half a Cup twice a day.
- A decoction of viburnum. Need its bark and dried cucumber whip. Cook the drug in a liter of water, leave and take 70-80 ml daily in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Freshly beet juice. You should drink at 90-100 ml per day. Dilute with water, other juices or add sugar undesirable.
Well established grass “upland uterus”. Decoctions of it used in the treatment of almost all gynaecological diseases. A medicine prepared from different recipes. The basic is: you need to pour a big spoonful of chopped upland uterus 500 ml of warm water and boil on a steam bath for 20-25 minutes.
After the drug infusions and cooled, you should start a daily intake. Enough for once to take 150-200 ml of tincture before meals. In the same way you can prepare a decoction of the herb cinquefoil and alternate funds rates. Tincture of cinquefoil is taken half an hour after eating.
In the treatment of disease and used different varieties of clay, often take gray or blue. It is mixed with water, bringing to the consistency of sour cream. Put into a saucepan and put on fire to boil for 3 minutes. Lay the tool on a large plastic bag, make of it a round cake and put it on the region of the uterus. The cake should not be very hot. You can cover the compress with a towel on top to bundle up with a blanket. You should lie down for 2 hours, remove the wrap and take a shower.
Self-made candles, tampons, propolis water. Applicable and honey-propolis mixture. Pre-frozen propolis should be crushed and mixed with liquid variety of honey. Heating the drug in a water bath, drain. Store in the refrigerator. Ingest small pieces.
Prepare the infusion of celandine. Dry grass pour boiling water and infuse for a few hours. Filter and take 50 ml three times a day for 2 weeks.