Symptoms of fibroids of the uterus
If a woman has small uterine myoma, symptoms are usually absent, and the disease is detected in most cases during the medical examination, that’s why it’s so important to regularly visit the doctor.
What is uterine fibroids?
In the case where after the ultrasound you are diagnosed with uterine fibroids, do not immediately panic and begin to worry. To accurately establish the diagnosis, after the next period must again be examined on ultrasound with the same doctor, it is necessary to use a vaginal probe. To confirm or exclude the diagnosis, it is recommended to undergo the same examination by another practitioner and other equipment.
A tumor of the uterus, or myoma, leiomyoma, fibroid, is a benign neoplasm that develops on the walls of the uterus or cervix. The amount of such growths can vary from several millimeters to several centimeters, while such tumors are small, the symptoms of uterine fibroids show no symptoms.
In most cases, is formed not just one tumor but several, thus growing multiple fibroids. To the doctors it was easier to describe the size of the specified pathology, they estimate their sizes in accordance with the growth of the uterus during pregnancy. Therefore, in such cases you can hear the expression of the tumor size, type 4, 6, 12 weeks, etc.
Depending on where the fibroid is located, it will be called in different ways:
- subserous fibroids is called when it is located on the surface of the uterus under the shell that separates the uterus from the organs located in the abdominal cavity;
- if fibroids are located inside wall, then the tumor is called intramuscular (or interstitial);
submucous or submucosal tumor is formed under the mucous membrane, inside of the body.
- Can be fibroids on the leg. But it is not a separate form, as on the leg can be submucosal or subserous fibroids. In such cases, the leg can be wide or narrow.
Why develops the specified condition.
As mentioned earlier, if the tumor is small in size, the symptoms of uterine fibroids will not in any way manifest. Most often, this pathology occurs in young women, due to violations of their hormonal levels. In some cases during menopause when the body reduces the level of hormones, it can go away on its own.
Until recently most doctors believed that after a while fibroids can develop into cancer. Studies have shown that sarcoma and myoma are of different histological origin and the latest in cancer not develops.
Due to the fact that it is a benign tumor, in cases where it is not bothering the woman, to carry out the operation is not necessary. If the nodes start to increase, the doctors decide on the surgery, so as to distinguish between a benign or malignant tumor possible only after mechanical impact on the body. The main reasons that lead to the development of uterine pathology, are such:
- hereditary factor;
- disorders in the hormonal system;
- gynecological diseases, which are characterized by the presence of inflammatory process;
- the metabolic disorders;
- chronic diseases of other internal organs;
- in the presence of frequent stress, during which inhibited the adrenal glands, ovaries and thyroid gland;
- wrong way of life, when the body is moving;
- improper diet, which leads to the development of obesity;
- frequent abortion;
- the use of intrauterine devices;
- if during intercourse regularly is no orgasm.
As it is a hormone-dependent tumor, while girls do not begin menstruating after menopause in women, it almost never occurs. When there is an increase in hormone level begins to grow fibroids.
Most scientists believe that the reason for its development is not a large amount of estrogen, and the imbalance, which is why it is necessary several times for tests and to determine the full hormonal status of the patient.
Stress – the cause of fibroids medical this, to trigger the development of such tumors can and a large number of xenoestrogens.
The hormone status is influenced by many factors, including: the age at which menstruation began, much has been made of abortion, how many women gave birth to children, what time breastfeed? If a woman gave birth to even one child, then the likelihood of such tumor is reduced.
If a woman has no harmony in intimate relationships and it is during sexual intercourse does not feel the orgasm, this can also trigger the development of specified pathologies. There is a rush of blood, but after excitation it does not go and builds up in the pelvis, which leads to venous stagnation and tension vessels. If this happens for a long time, it may lead to failure of hormonal balance and development of uterine fibroids.
Other reasons that can cause the development of uterine fibroids
When a woman has excess weight, excess fat leads to increased estrogen and the risk of developing this disease, as well as breast cancer, endometriosis.
To reduce the risk of developing this disease are shown, it is necessary to follow a diet, during which to eat more dairy products, vegetables, fruits and different cereals. Many women in the presence of elevated estrogen levels are healthy, they are energetic, feminine and look younger than their years.
If up to 35 years there has been a violation of metabolism, diabetes and hypertension, it also increases the risk of developing uterine fibroids. It is especially dangerous when the figure takes the form of Apple and most of the fat concentrated in waist area, it is better if they accumulate in the thighs, and the woman has the type of figure “pear”.
Frequent abortions cause fibroids matteelli to talk about the impact of place of residence, this pathology is more common in women who are in the city than those who live in rural areas.
Provokes the development of disease and use of oral contraceptives, various injuries of the genital organs and the development of inflammatory processes.
To start the process of tumor formation can traumatic childbirth, frequent abortion, and other processes that lead to hormonal disruptions in the body.
The symptoms of this disease are shown
With the development of subserous or interstitial tumors usually no symptoms of uterine fibroids do not appear, but if it gets big, then women are bound to be complaints.
The main signs that there is a development of uterine fibroids, are these:
Ultrasound for the diagnosis of uterine fibroids
- periods become irregular, in the middle of the cycle may bleeding;
- frequent constipation and urination. This leads to the fact that the growing tumor compresses the intestines and the bladder, which are located next to it.
- the development of submucosal forms may be accompanied by increasing the period of menstruation, the discharge becomes abundant, and
- there can be bleeding;
- woman who has regular unprotected sex, is unable to conceive;
- the abdomen often appear nagging pains, the origin of which is not related to menstruation;
- if starts growing belly while body weight does not increase.
This disease rarely have symptoms, but if they appear, that is not to say that it indicates the development of fibroids. So, how does the fibroids may have uterine cancer and ovarian endometriosis.
The growth of uterine fibroids diagnosis and
To accurately diagnose, you cannot trust emerging symptoms, you must consult a specialist who will prescribe a full survey and the results will be able to make the correct diagnosis, and then to find an effective treatment.
If there is a growth in this pathology, it can lead to the need for surgery. This tumor is a tangle of fibres which are intertwined in a chaotic manner. Its weight usually does not reach 1 kg, but was the case when advanced disease fibroids weight was 63 kg.
There are cases when women are not treated specified a pathology, and its growth in size corresponds to the belly of a woman 6-7 months pregnant. If you have symptoms growth of fibroids it is urgent to contact the doctor who will perform the necessary tests and decide on treatment or needing surgery. To diagnose the development of this disease are shown, first the doctor performs a pelvic examination. Then appointed ultrasonography, computed tomography, tests of urine and blood.
In those cases, when not marked tumor growth, a woman can take hormonal drugs and even getting pregnant. If the nodes grow, then have to be removed. If a woman is at a young age and she had to preserve fertility, then remove only that portion of the uterus where the tumor. There are cases where the uterus is completely removed, and then to give birth, a woman can not.
To prevent such severe consequences, it is necessary to monitor their health, undergo regular preventive examination by a gynecologist and then you will be able to avoid many diseases, and if they occur then to start their treatment at early stages, which guarantees a positive effect and full recovery.