Classification and treatment of the cyst on the cervix
Cyst of the uterine cervix is one of the first frequency distribution among pathologies of the female reproductive system. As the disease is relatively safe, the appearance of the cyst in this region may trigger the development of infertility. A connection to the inflammatory process of undesirable microflora is a danger to the entire reproductive system. What is typical cervical cysts?
What is a cervical cyst?
The basis for the development of cystic lesions of the cervix lies the process of transformation of epithelial tissue. Most often it is localized in the Central part of the neck where there are a large number of the cervical glands. Externally, the cervical transformation reminds erosion. Due to the formation on the surface of the inner layer of the epithelium of cervical pseudo-erosion, there is a blockage of the canal of the cervical glands, which eventually leads to cystic formation (glands continue to produce the secret, however, due to the fact that the output channel is clogged, the expansion of the cavity of the canal glands).
Development narodowych cysts can provoke not only the process of pseudo, but some hormonal disorders and changes in the cervix.
Classification of cysts of the cervix
Based on the mechanism of development cyst of the cervix can be divided into several subtypes:
- Traumatic. The defect of the mucous membrane of the cervix may occur under the influence of traumatic agents, foreign bodies, direct trauma or violent sexual acts.
- Tumor. At their core almost always is the process of epithelial dysplasia. Predisposing to their appearance factor is an elevated estrogen level.
- Parasitic. Develop in the cervix is quite rare, however, their development to get rid of the tumors without surgical removal extremely difficult. In most cases, leads to the impossibility of a subsequent pregnancy. Usually determined by multiple cysts separated from each other by connective tissue septa.
- Dizontogeneticheskie. Result violation of tissue laying in the fetal stage of development. These cystic masses are generally known as true (while the rest of the cysts formed in the duct of the gland, often referred to as false). To get rid of a cyst can only be surgically.
- Retention. Develop as a result of changes in the properties of the liquid secreted by glands. Usually caused by metabolic disorders in the body. Disappear in the result of the restoration of ion and fluid balance.
Diagnosis of cervical cysts
Identification of cysts in the cervix often occurs by chance during a routine inspection. A feature of this disease is that it can occur latent for a long time and no way to Express themselves.
Suspicion among women can occur with the appearance of pain during menstruation, the development of pain in the abdomen, aggravated by sexual intercourse (the first signs of cervical cyst).
If associated bacterial microflora in the clinic process can result in such symptoms as fever (up to 42°C), the changing nature of a physiological discharge (pus appearance, changing their color, smell).
During the inspection of the cervix in the mirrors is not always possible to detect the presence of the cyst, as it may be in an early stage of development or closer to the uterine end.
Cysts represent dense formations whitish in color, filled with liquid contents. If the cavity penetrates to any microorganism, content color may vary.
Sometimes to determine the presence of cystic masses is possible by means of ultrasound, however it is applicable only for large cysts.
How should we treat the cysts developed? Among most of the doctors are of the opinion that conservative methods to cure them it is impossible, but some experts agree that the use of hormones can lead to regression (especially when detected early). However, such treatment may adversely affect the state of the endocrine system of the patient, making the use of this method undesirable.
Ways to remove cysts quite a lot. If they are small (does not reach the size of 2-3 mm), then get rid of the formation you can use moxibustion. This purpose can be used as electrocoagulation (cauterization of the cyst by means of incandescent electrode), and selected chemical methods (liquid nitrogen, acidic preparations of silver). However, these methods contribute to the appearance of scars on the surface of the mucous membrane that may adversely affect the status of the cervix during childbirth (therefore, these methods can be used in women in menopause).
Less traumatic method consider the use of radiowave and laser surgery. Under the influence of these methods there is the least impact on the mucous membrane, which, respectively, causes the development of scar and gives less discomfort to the patient.
A more radical technique is considered the surgical treatment. Carry out the removal of the cervix with cysts, but this approach applies only to parous women and in patients in menopause. Indications for such a choice of medical tactics are cystic masses larger in the cervical area, their suppuration and subsequent rupture.
In rare cases may develop pathology in the pregnant woman. It may interfere with the normal flow of the generic process, it’s important to choose a childbirth and raise the question of the removal of the cyst. In some cases, it may be a problem of cesarean delivery or abortion birth (if still small).
Do not try to get rid of the cyst by traditional medicine because this treatment can aggravate the patient’s condition, to cause it to break. Cystic fluid in this case can come out through the vagina, and come directly into the abdominal cavity.
Effects of cyst of the cervix
As mentioned above, the activated cysts on the cervix can lead to quite serious consequences. Among them, abortion, and miscarriages, and even the loss of part of the reproductive system.
Besides, the cyst may lead to the development of anemia. This is because the presence of cysts in the cervix provokes a strengthening of menstruation, and in its location near the blood vessels in the rupture of the cyst or abscess may develop infections of the body and the appearance of symptoms of sepsis or multiorgan failure, which can lead to death.
The prevention of cysts
Given that the causes of this disease are still not fully elucidated, prevention of their development presents certain difficulties.
First and foremost, you need to carefully monitor their health and to listen to the state of your own body. Special attention should be paid to the secretions from the genital tract, as they can push on the idea of the development of pathology of the reproductive organs, even if overt symptoms of the disease yet.
One should not neglect the annual preventive examinations by a gynecologist. Since cysts are often accidental discovery, just the observation at the gynecologist comes to the fore.
Do not use oral contraceptives because they have hormones-antagonists estrogens female. Drugs, natural hormones also do not use too often, because owing to their high number, significantly increases the risk of many malignant diseases of the female reproductive system.